Armenia

1 Recognition of the Genocide

1.1 Recognition, official texts

Roma are not in the state’s official definition of the Holocaust. According to the OSCE report, the Holocaust is defined by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs as ‘the attempted murder of the Jewish people by the Nazi Germany regime” (See Education on the Holocaust and on Anti-Semitism, page 68).

1.2 Data (camps locations, Remembrance places, measures etc.)

The state has instituted a National Genocide Memorial Day, 24th April, which reportedly incorporates a universal remembrance day. There is no particular Holocaust memorial day; reference to the Holocaust is made in the Genocide Memorial Museum in Yerevan.

1.3 Specialised institution, commission, research centre etc., dealing with this issue

According to the available information, there is no specialised institution, commission or research centre specifically dealing with the issue of the Genocide of the Roma.

Hayk Demoyan
Director of Armenian Genocide Museum & Institute
Athena Street, Yerevan
 
Dr. Pavel S. Avetisyan, Director
Charents Str.15
Yerevan 0025, Republic of Armenia
Telephone: (+374 10) 556896
E-mail: pavetisyan@sci.am

1.4 Official initiatives (campaigns, actions, projects, commemoration days, museums)

The 24th April is the National Genocide Memorial Day in Armenia. According to the OSCE, this is “a universal remembrance day. There is no particular Holocaust memorial day; reference to the Holocaust is made in the Genocide Memorial Museum in Yerevan.” (See Education on the Holocaust and on Anti-Semitism, page 68).

2 Teaching about the Genocide of the Roma

2.1 Inclusion of the topic in the school curriculum

The Holocaust forms part of the school curriculum on European history and World War II. Specifically, Holocaust education occurs during the 8th grade of elementary school (at age 14 or 15). Approximately one hour is allocated to the introduction of the topic to students.

2.2 Inclusion of the topic in the school textbooks

Genocide and Holocaust teaching materials are occasionally used in literature and language classes; however, material must be adapted to particular teaching needs since specific textbooks on the Holocaust are not used. To this end, state authorities have expressed the need for re-editing social-sciences textbooks at all levels, in the framework of teaching about the Holocaust.

2.3 Training of teachers and education professionals

Teachers are not provided with fixed in-service training on the subject of Holocaust education. However, according to the OSCE Report (Education on the Holocaust and on Anti-Semitism, page 53): “Armenia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Moldova are an example of just how successful international support can be. In 2003-2004, within the project ‘Tolerance Lessons of the Holocaust’, the Euro-Asian Jewish Congress trained teachers from the above-mentioned countries on how to teach about the Holocaust. Experts from Moscow, Kyiv, and Bishkek delivered lectures and headed workshops focusing on methods for teaching about tolerance and the Holocaust. The teachers also received didactic materials.” There was no information regarding Roma in the trainings. In 2003, some 40 Armenian teachers participated in this training.

2.4 Particular activities undertaken at the level of education institutions

There is no information available about particular activities undertaken at the level of education institutions.

2.5 Remembrance day

24th April is the National Genocide Memorial Day in Armenia. This is “a universal remembrance day. There is no particular Holocaust memorial day; reference to the Holocaust is made in the Genocide Memorial Museum in Yerevan” (see Education on the Holocaust and on Anti-Semitism, page 68).

3 Official contacts and resource persons

3.1 Responsible person in the Ministry of Education

According to the available information, there is no designated responsible person in the Ministry of Education.

3.2 Resource persons - list of experts and historians

Harutyun MARUTYAN, Leading Research Fellow D.Sc. (History), Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Yerevan
 
Kerope Petrovich PATKANOV (1833 - 1889), Roma, expert in Armenian history, culture, language and literature
4 Initiatives of the civil society

4.1 Relevant projects having a real impact on the people and/or the wide public

The project “Equal Opportunities for National Minorities and Disadvantaged Groups in Realizing Cultural Rights: Richness through Diversity” started in 2012. More information about the project can be found on the NGO Centre website. See more

5 Point of view of the Roma community - including survivors' testimonies

There is no information available about survivors’ testimonies or the point of view of the Roma community.