Liechtenstein

1 Recognition of the Genocide

1.1 Recognition, official texts

Liechtenstein does not have a law that is officially recognising the Holocaust. Still the Genocide denial in general is punished.

1.2 Data (camps locations, Remembrance places, measures etc.)

There is no accurate data on Roma victims of the Holocaust in Liechtenstein.

1.3 Specialised institution, commission, research centre etc., dealing with this issue

In May 2001, the government of Liechtenstein appointed an independent Historians Commission to examine specific questions concerning Liechtenstein’s role in World War II. The central question under investigation is whether Liechtenstein helped hide and transfer stolen assets. After nearly four years of work, the Independent Commission of Historians Liechtenstein - Second World War presented its Final Report on its research concerning Liechtenstein's role in the Second World War. It focused on the role of the banks and the involvement of Lichtenstein in the deportation of Jews. Roma victims are not mentioned.

1.4 Official initiatives (campaigns, actions, projects, commemoration days, museums)

Annually on 27 January, Liechtenstein commemorates International Holocaust Remembrance Day. In 2014, Foreign Minister Aurelia Frick travelled to Auschwitz where she attended the commemoration on the occasion of the 70th anniversary of its liberation.

2 Teaching about the Genocide of the Roma

2.1 Inclusion of the topic in the school curriculum

The Holocaust is part of the history curriculum of pupils in Liechtenstein. Liechtenstein does not provide any information on whether the Genocide of the Roma is taught in school.

2.2 Inclusion of the topic in the school textbooks

2.3 Training of teachers and education professionals

In 2009, some teachers from Liechtenstein attended a seminar at the International School for Holocaust Studies, Yad Vashem. The seminar was mainly focused on the Jewish Holocaust.

2.4 Particular activities undertaken at the level of education institutions

2.5 Remembrance day

No commemoration day for the Genocide of the Roma is observed in schools in Liechtenstein.

3 Official contacts and resource persons

3.1 Responsible person in the Ministry of Education

3.2 Resource persons - list of experts and historians

4 Initiatives of the civil society

4.1 Relevant projects having a real impact on the people and/or the wide public

EEA Grants and Norway Grants support the project “Providing justice for Roma Holocaust victims” in Romania. Despite the fact that Romanian authorities have officially recognised the Roma, alongside the Jews, as victims of the Holocaust in Romania, many Roma survivors are unaware of their rights and have not received any compensation for the horrors they went through. This is one of the reasons why the Community Resource Centre Association is working to identity Roma survivors so they can receive the compensation they are entitled to. The project is funded by Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the NGO fund in Romania. The project also includes establishing a database with an overview of Roma Holocaust victims in Romania and the creation of an archive with pictures and audio and video testimonials. The project started April 2014 and ended November 2014. It receives €31 480 from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the NGO fund in Romania.

5 Point of view of the Roma community - including survivors' testimonies