Montenegro

1 Recognition of the Genocide

1.1 Recognition, official texts

1.2 Data (camps locations, Remembrance places, measures etc.)

According to the document “CAHROM (2013)15 Overview on the Recognition of the Genocide of Roma and Sinti (Pharrajimos / Samudaripen) during World War II and on Related Remembrance Days in member States of the Council of Europe”, page 23, 16th December was chosen to mark the suffering of Roma in Montenegro, because on that day in 1942, Heinrich Himmler issued an order for all Roma people in the occupied European countries to be arrested and deported to concentration camps.

Partisan Monument Gorica in Podgorica, situated on the Gorica hill, commemorates the partisans who fought against the Italian and German occupying forces during World War II.

Mr Islam Sejdović, Roma from Podgorica, erected a monument for Roma partisans (namely his father and his uncle) on the spot where Chetniks murdered them in 1943, when they tried to reach Shkoder and Albania.

1.3 Specialised institution, commission, research centre etc., dealing with this issue

According to the available information, there is no specialised institution, commission or research centre specifically dealing with the issue of the Genocide of the Roma.

In June 2015, the Jewish community in Montenegro has opened its own library in Podgorica. It is named in honour of Dr. Albert Weiss (1905-1964), who was a distinguished Yugoslav jurist, a prisoner of the Nazis, a member of the Yugoslav delegation at the Nuremberg trial, President of the Yugoslav federation of Jewish communities.

Centar za očuvanje i razvoj kulture manjina Crne Gore
Vuka Karadžića 31
Podgorica
Telephone: +382 20 621 365
E-mail: cekum@t-com.me

1.4 Official initiatives (campaigns, actions, projects, commemoration days, museums)

On 12th November 2014 Jewish community and government leaders discussed putting into action an agreement on relations between the community and the state of Montenegro signed in 2012. The Vice-President of the Jewish community in Montenegro, Djordje Raicevici, praised the attitude of the government towards the community and announced some new joint activities related to Holocaust Remembrance Day, which is marked every January 27. One proposal is for schools to start marking the day named after victims of the Nazi Holocaust and pay more attention to the topic in the educational curriculum. Read the article.

2 Teaching about the Genocide of the Roma

2.1 Inclusion of the topic in the school curriculum

According to the available information, the topic is not included in the school curriculum.

2.2 Inclusion of the topic in the school textbooks

According to the available information, the topic is not included in the school textbooks.

2.3 Training of teachers and education professionals

There is no available information about official trainings.

CDRSEE’s (Center for Democracy and Reconciliation in Southeast Europe) Joint History Project is the programme, launched in 1999, that is centred on education, on providing history-teaching materials for teachers that convey multiple perspectives of the same events, and on ensuring that these materials be put to use across the Balkan region. Currently there are four books, in 11 languages (in Serbian, among others), which cover events and history through the Second World War. Through the working relationships Ministries of Education and Teacher Associations throughout Balkans, the JHP provides on-going teacher training, outreach and media work. The number of teachers who have been trained to use the JHP materials and tailor the books and lessons to their classrooms continues to grow.

2.4 Particular activities undertaken at the level of education institutions

From 2nd to 5th April 2015, Macedonian History Teachers Association organised a kick-off meeting in the EUROCLIO project “History that connects the Balkans, Rethinking History Education?” in Skopje. Members of History Teachers Associations from Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia were invited to participate in order to discuss organizational issues with the development of regional website and with preparations for the summer school in Mrkonjić Grad. EUROCLIO was represented by Jonathan Even-Zohar (director), Judith Geerling (project manager) and by Ivan Markovic (trainee).

The Festival of Tolerance – Jewish Film Festival is a unique film festival focused on Holocaust education through an extensive film programme comprising many screenings, thematic exhibitions, music programme, a host of discussions and workshops. Besides recalling the Holocaust, the Festival warns about different social phenomena and current social problems: discrimination of minorities, xenophobia, homophobia, integration of asylum seekers and attitudes towards senior citizens. The Festival of Tolerance, which started in 2007 in Zagreb, is now present in six cities of the region (Belgrade, Cetinje, Ljubljana, Rijeka, Sarajevo, and Vienna) in its somewhat abbreviated version.

Festival of Tolerance was presented on 1st November 2014 in Cetinje where a press conference was held with Dragica Milić, Assistant Minister of Culture of Montenegro, Nataša Popović, festivals director and Branko Lustig, festivals honorary president. Opening of the festival’s program was held in Royal theatre Zetski dom featuring the movie “Sarah’s Key”.

2.5 Remembrance day

There is no available information about the Remembrance Day.

3 Official contacts and resource persons

3.1 Responsible person in the Ministry of Education

According to the available information, there is no designated responsible person in the Ministry of Education.

Vaka Đurovića b.b.
81000 Podgorica
Montenegro
Telephone: +382 20 410 100
Fax: +382 20 410 101
E-mail: mps@mps.gov.me

3.2 Resource persons - list of experts and historians

Dubravka Stojanović, PhD, historian, Joint History Project
 
Boris Raonić, President of Civic Alliance
 
Senad Sejdović, President of Roma Council
 
Ivan Đoković, human rights activists
4 Initiatives of the civil society

4.1 Relevant projects having a real impact on the people and/or the wide public

Montenegrin Roma, victims of the Holocaust, and their heirs were informed by the “Roma Rota” association about the invitation announced by the Foundation of Roma Holocaust in Serbia and Montenegro appealing on Roma victims of the World War II to submit applications for remuneration by 31st December 2012. The invitation is forwarded to all citizens of Serbia and Montenegro that survived Holocaust, and application can be also submitted by the victims’ children.  (See “CAHROM (2013)15 Overview on the Recognition of the Genocide of Roma and Sinti (Pharrajimos / Samudaripen) during World War II and on Related Remembrance Days in member States of the Council of Europe”, page 23).

Civic Alliance, in partnership with Association for Roma Affirmation in Montenegro and Mr Edin Berisa participated in 2014 Roma Pride which took place on 6th October in Podgorica. The activities were organised around the theme “Roma Inclusion into all cultural everyday life” and they included presentation of an opera, an exhibition of photography by Ivan Djokovic, and a film projection showing the position of Roma in Montenegro. Civic Alliance also participated in the activities of the 2013 Roma Pride.

5 Point of view of the Roma community - including survivors' testimonies

Oral history interview with Rašela Kneževič Levi (20:20 min) – transport of Jews from Bosnia to Montenegro in 1942.

Regional Centre for National Minorities organised 3rd Barvalipe school  from 15th to 26th August 2013 in Kolašin, Montenegro, with intention to provide young Roma with a powerful experience and encourage them to choose to serve as role models, political leaders and civic activists able to advocate for themselves and their communities. Participants explored the roots and future of Roma identity in a learning environment with distinguished Roma professors and civil leaders. The 10-day Summer School includes a two-day study trip to the Jasenovac, concentration camp in Croatia, where approximately 20 000 Roma and Sinti died at the hand of the Nazis. Participants also heard a testimony of Nadir Dedić, a Roma survivor from Croatia.