The International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA) is an intergovernmental body whose purpose is to place political and social leaders’ support behind the need for Holocaust education, remembrance and research both nationally and internationally.

The International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA) consists of representatives of government, as well as governmental and non-governmental organizations. Its purpose is to place political and social leaders’ support behind the need for Holocaust education, remembrance, and research both nationally and internationally. IHRA currently has 31 member countries, ten observer countries and seven Permanent International Partners.

This institution is committed to the Declaration of the Stockholm International Forum on the Holocaust.

The Alliance has also established specialised committees regarding antisemitism and Holocaust denial, the situation of the Roma, memorial sites, information projects, comparative genocide, and special challenges in Holocaust education. The IHRA is also in the process of implementing a Multi-Year Work Plan that focuses on killing sites, access to archives, educational research, and Holocaust Memorial Days.

On the three main committees that bring experts working on IHRA’s three principle areas of activity, one is dedicated to the Genocide of the Roma. This committee aims at raising awareness about the genocide of the Roma under National Socialism. It also encourages the inclusion of this genocide into school curricula. Its goal is to draw attention to the continuity of prejudices about Roma before, during and after the Second World War as well as to demonstrate the link between the history of discrimination and persecution and the present situation of the Roma. This calls for educational programs that combat stereotyping, that include a focus on Roma resistance rather than on a victim status, and that emphasize the resilience of Roma culture.

Therefore, the IHRA offers project grants regarding the the Genocide of the Roma. The work of the Committee includes supporting organizations with a focus on the Roma in the IHRA’s Grant Programme application process, raising visibility of the issue through outreach and networking, and by organizing a conference held in London in 2014.

In 2014 the Committee also initiated two research projects: an annotated bibliography of academic publications on the Genocide of the Roma, and an overview of international organisations working on the Genocide of the Roma and contemporary Roma-focused issues.

To get more information about the activities concerning Roma developed by the members, click here.

Conferences and workshops

The IHRA points out the importance of teaching about the Holocaust and, therefore, has organised several conferences and workshops about the topic. For instance, the Workshop “Roma Genocide Education” on the 14th of June 2008 (in Linz, Austria) or the “Holocaust Era Assets Conference” (Prague and Terezin, from 26th to 30th June 2009).

Among other subjects, the members covered the following themes: the history of the Roma before and during the Second World War, the construction of the memory since the end of the Second World War, and how can one institution make education tools and materials on these topics available.

10th – 11th June 2014: The IHRA Conference "The Genocide of the Roma" was held in London. The conference included:

  • keynote addresses by Dr. Slawomir Kapralski, Institute of Philosophy and Sociology of the Polish Academic of Sciences, Warsaw and Mirjam-Angela Karoly, OSCE’s Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR),
  • workshops led by colleagues from across Europe who will share teaching and learning materials suitable for classroom use, and
  • an expert round table discussion focusing on the connection between the historical past and the contemporary situation of the Roma.

Report on the conference

To get more information about the activities done in the last few years, click here.

Teaching materials

The IHRA shows on its education website several guidelines about the Holocaust education, including one concerning what to teach.

In partnership with OSCE and Yad Vashem: Preparing Holocaust Memorial Days: Suggestions for Educators, in 2006, published in many languages.

Gerhard Baumgartner edited in 2008 - for internal use only – Collected Case Studies. Workshop “Roma Genocide Education”, Linz, 14th of June 2008. The texts were drafted by specialists in the Samudaripen, for instance J. Barsony, G. Baumgartner, L. Gabcova, Z. Kumanova, M. Kelso and M. Schuster.

IHRA’s Education Working Group Paper, Holocaust and other Genocides, released in December 2010

 

Cultural activities

International Memorial Days take place every year in IHRA Member States: Overview of the Holocaust Memorial Days in the 31 Member States of IHRA (only on Jewish genocide)

Overview in the OSCE region

They also provide a memorials database.

 

 

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